Civil Engineering Building Construction Important MCQs – 16


A pointed arch which forms isosceles or equilateral triangle, is generally known as​​ 

  • Three centred arch​​ 

  • Two centred arch​​ 

  • Lancet arch​​ 

  • Bull's eye arch​​ 

Answer: Option C​​ 



In case of foundations on black cotton soils, the most suitable method to increase the bearing capacity of soils is to​​ 

  • Increase the depth of foundation​​ 

  • Drain the soil​​ 

  • Compact the soil​​ 

  • Replace the poor soil​​ 

Answer: Option D​​ 



Depth of lean concrete bed placed at the bottom of a wall footing, is kept​​ 

  • 10 cm​​ 

  • 15 cm​​ 

  • Equal to its projection beyond wall base​​ 

  • Less than its projection beyond wall base​​ 

Answer: Option C​​ 



The sound which continues even after its source is cut off, is called​​ 

  • Reverberation​​ 

  • Echo​​ 

  • Intensity of sound​​ 

  • Interference​​ 

Answer: Option A​​ 



Pick up the correct statement from the following:​​ 

  • The bearing capacity of a pile is defined as the load which can be sustained by the pile without producing excessive settlement​​ 

  • The safe bearing capacity of a pile is obtained by dividing the ultimate bearing capacity with a suitable factor of safety​​ 

  • The factor of safety for piles is taken as 6​​ 

  • All the above​​ 

Answer: Option D​​ 



The maximum total settlement for raft foundation on clayey soils should be limited to​​ 

  • 25 mm​​ 

  • 25 to 40 mm​​ 

  • 40 to 65 mm​​ 

  • 65 to 100 mm​​ 

Answer: Option D​​ 



Which one of the following rocks is used for monumental buildings?​​ 

  • Granite​​ 

  • Marble​​ 

  • Sand stone​​ 

  • Slate​​ 

Answer: Option B​​ 



Pick up the consideration to the taken while designing a hospital from the following:​​ 

  • The operation theatre unit to be detached as it requires sterilized zone but near the ward for the patients and doctor​​ 

  • The mortuary should be detached from the main circulation with a post-mortem room​​ 

  • Casualty unit should be provided a separate entrance​​ 

  • All the above​​ 

Answer: Option D​​ 



The members which support covering material of a sloping roof, are​​ 

  • Rafters​​ 

  • Purlins​​ 

  • Battens​​ 

  • Struts​​ 

Answer: Option A​​ 



The triangular space formed between the extrados and the horizontal line drawn through the crown of an arch is known as​​ 

  • Haunch​​ 

  • Spandril​​ 

  • Voussoirs​​ 

  • Skewbacks​​ 

Answer: Option B​​